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新概念语法精粹之英语动词时态(7) 过去完成时

来源:深圳英语网 2011-09-26 14:54:14

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摘要: 英语时态是英语语法中的第一道难关,攻下此难关是作文、阅读、口语之关键。汉语用不同词表达相应时态,而英语用同一词的不同变化形式表达时态。 过去完成时:had + 过去分词 1.表示过去某个动作或某个具体时间之前

  英语时态是英语语法中的第一道难关,攻下此难关是作文、阅读、口语之关键。汉语用不同词表达相应时态,而英语用同一词的不同变化形式表达时态。

  过去完成时:had + 过去分词

  1.表示过去某个动作或某个具体时间之前已经发生、完成的动作。“过去的过去”。

  ● They had got everything ready before I came.

  ● The play had begunbefore I got to the theater with my boyfriend.

  2.过去完成时常用于 hardly / scarcely ... when, no sooner ... than等固定句型结构中。(此乃超级重点句型,意为:“一……就”)

  ● She had hardly / scarcely gone to bed when the bell rang.

  ● No sooner had he arrived at the railway station than he met her parents.

  (注意 no sooner 在句首时句型倒装。)

  3.intend(打算),mean(意味),hope(希望),want(想要),plan(计划)等动词的过去完成时用来表示本打算做而没有做的事。

  ● I had intended to call on you yesterday, but someone came to see me just when I was about to leave.

  (……原想昨天去看你……)

  ● They had planed to hold a football match last week, but they had to cancel it because the bad weather.

  (……原计划上周举行一场足球赛……)

  测试精编:

  1. -Let's hurry! The president is coming. -Oh, I was afraid that we ________.

  A. already miss him B. had already missed him

  C. will miss him already D. have already missed him

  2. Your letter came just as I ________ my office.

  A. was leaving B. would leave

  C. had left D. left

  3. I ________ my keys, I can't remember where I last sawthem.

  A. was losing B. lost C. had lost D. have lost

  4. Nobody knew where the teacher ________.

  A. has gone B. would have gone

  C. had gone D. would be gone

  5. The sportsmen ________ training for 3 hours when the coach told them to break off for rest.

  A. have been B. are

  C. had been D. were

 

  答案:1. B    2. A    3. D    4. C    5. C



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