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中考英语牛津版阅读理解实战演练Section7综合篇(含答案)

来源:深圳英语网 2011-10-12 13:10:01

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摘要:阅读理解材料浩如烟海,中考英语复习,时间短,任务重。为了能让同学们脱离题海,更加省时省力地提高自己的阅读理解能力,我们特意选编了一些题材新颖、质量上乘的阅读材料。这些材料内容丰富,趣味性强,无论是在设计上,还是在难度上,都与中考英语试题相当。“会当凌绝顶,一览众山小”。完成这些短文及题目之后,再做中考阅读理解题,就一定能驾轻就熟,游刃有余。(答案在第2页)

    阅读理解材料浩如烟海,中考英语复习,时间短,任务重。为了能让同学们脱离题海,更加省时省力地提高自己的阅读理解能力,我们特意选编了一些题材新颖、质量上乘的阅读材料。这些材料内容丰富,趣味性强,无论是在设计上,还是在难度上,都与中考英语试题相当。“会当凌绝顶,一览众山小”。完成这些短文及题目之后,再做中考阅读理解题,就一定能驾轻就熟,游刃有余。  (答案在第2页)

  Section VIII 综合篇

  Passage 71

  Look at the instructions on the bottle of the medicine and then choose the right answers.

  John is twelve years old. He had a bad cold and coughed day and night. He went to see a doctor. The doctor gave him some cough medicine.

  Cough Medicine

  Shake(摇动)it well before use.

  Take it three times each day before meals.

  Dose (药量):

  Age:over 14 2 teaspoonfuls(勺)

  8—13 1 teaspoonful

  4—7 1/2 teaspoonful

  Not right for children below the age of three. Put it in a cold place. Use it before December 1st 2002.

  1.John should take ____ a day.

  A. 2 teaspoonfuls B. 3 teaspoonfuls C. 4 teaspoonfuls D. 1 teaspoonful

  2.The medicine should be kept in _______.

  A. a fridge B. hot water C. any place D. the sun

  3.John should ____ before he takes it.

  A. shake the medicine well B. eat nothing

  C. do some exercise D. drink a cup of tea

  4.When people are ____ years old, they cannot take this medicine.

  A. eighty B. thirty C. two D. twelve

  5.John will ____ the medicine when it is left after Dec.1st, 2002.

  A. throw away B. stop to take   C. take once D. take six times more

  Passage 72 (Be omitted)

  Passage 73

  Are you carrying too much on your back at school? You’re not alone. Back experts in the United States are worried that young students are having back and neck problems as a result of carrying too much in their backpacks (schoolbags).

  “It hurts my back when I run,” said Oberlin Reyes, a student in Virginia. “It’s hard to get up the stairs with my backpack, because it’s too heavy.”

  Oberlin is among students whose backpacks were weighed for a week in a recent study.

  They had regular backpacks with two straps (带子) to carry them, but a number of students with heavy loads had switched to rolling backpacks (which have wheels and can roll on the ground).

  Shirley Park, whose backpack weighed 10 kilograms, said she changed to a rolling backpack because she was starting to have back pain.

  How much is too much? Experts say students should carry no more than 10 to 15 percent of their own body weight.

  A few students had one suggestion to lighten the load: less homework.

  P.S. (附) Doctor’s suggestion:

  ① Lighten the load. Clean out binders (活页材料) and take home only the books you need that night.

  ② Wide straps are better. They send out the weight over your shoulders more evenly (均匀). And be sure to wear both straps rather than hanging the pack over one shoulder.

  ③ Pack smart. The heavier things should be packed closed to the back.

  ④ Bend both knees when you pick up the pack, and don’t just bend over at the waist (腰).

  1.“_____” is the main idea of the text.

  A.The problem of backpacks is worth studying  B.The problem made by heavy backpacks

  C.What is the best backpack for a student  D.How to make students’ backpacks light

  2.According to Enderlin Reyes and Shirley Park, we know ______.

  A.students have to do too much homework  B.backpacks have to carry heavy backpacks

  C.backpacks without wheels are bad for students

  D.too much homework leaves students no free time

  3.The expression “switched to” in the text perhaps means ______.

  A. started to use B. turned to C. caught up D. used for

  4.According to the passage, it’s better for a student of 40 kilograms to carry a backpack of _____ at most by the words of experts.

  A. 10 kg B. 8 kg C. 6 kg D. 7 kg

  5.If students follow the doctor’s suggestions they ______.

  A.may lighten their backpacks  B.can learn how to help themselves

  C.may feel their backpacks are lighter  D.will know how to wear backpacks

  Passage 74

  Some British and American people like to invite friends and colleagues for a meal at home. You should not be upset (心烦意乱) if your English friends don’t invite you home. It doesn’t mean they don’t like you.

  Dinner parties usually start between 7 and 8 p.m., and end at about 11. Ask your hosts what time you should arrive. It’s polite to bring flowers, chocolates or a bottle of wine as a present.

  Do you want to be extra (特别地) polite? Say how much you like the room, or the pictures on the wall. But remember—not to ask how much things cost.

  You’ll probably start the meal with soup, or something small as a “starter” (酵母), then you’ll have meat or fish with vegetables, and then a dessert (甜食), followed by coffee. It’s polite to finish everything on your plate and to take more if you want it. Some people eat bread with their meal, but not everyone does.

  Before they take out their cigarettes after the meal, most people usually ask, “Do you mind if I smoke here?”

  Did you enjoy the evening? Call your hosts the next day, or write them a short “thank you” letter. Perhaps it seems funny to you, but British and American people say, “thank you, thank you, and thank you.” all the time.

  1.If your English or American friends don’t invite you to dinner at home, ______.

  A.it shows they don’t like you   B.B. it shows they have no time to get together

  C.it shows they don’t want to make friends with you  D. it doesn’t show they don’t like you

  2.When you are invited to go to your friend’s home, _____.

  A. you shouldn’t take anything with you B. you may go at any time

  C. you may take an expensive present with you D. you may take a small present with you

  3.In England and America, it’s not polite to _______.

  A.ask the price of a thing B. eat all the food on your plate C. talk to your hosts D. eat too fast

  4.In the passage, the order of the serving of a meal is _____.

  A.Dessert—meat or fish with vegetables—coffee—soup

  B.Coffee—soup—dessert—meat or fish with vegetables

  C.meat or fish with vegetables—dessert—soup—coffee

  D.soup—meat or fish with vegetables—dessert—coffee

  5.Which is not right?

  A.In England or America, it usually takes more than three hours to have a dinner party at home

  B.If you are invited to go to a dinner party, you can’t arrive early.

  C.You mustn’t smoke after a meal when you are with some American or English people.

  D.You’d better write a short “Thank you” letter to your hosts or give them a call if you want to be extra polite.

  Passage 75

  Strange things happen to time when you travel because the earth is divided (划分) into twenty-four zones (时区), one hour apart (一个时区相差一个小时). You can have days with more or fewer than twenty-fours, and weeks with more or fewer than seven days.

  If you make a five-day trip across the Atlantic Ocean (大西洋), your ship enters a different time zone every day. As you enter each zone, the time changes one hour. Traveling west, you set your clock back, traveling east, you set it ahead. Each day of your trip has either twenty-five or twenty-three hours.

  If you travel by ship across the Pacific Ocean (太平洋), you cross the International Date Line (国际日期变更线). By agreement, this is the point where a new day begins. When you cross the line, you change your calendar one full day, backward or forward. Traveling east, today becomes yesterday. Traveling west, it is tomorrow.

  1.Strange things happen to time when you travel because ______.

  A. no day really has twenty-four hours   B. no one knows where time zones begin

  C. the earth is divided into time zones  D. in some places one day always has twenty-five hours

  2.The difference in time between zones is ________.

  A. one hour B. more than seven days C. seven days D. twenty-four hours

  3.If you travel across the Atlantic Ocean, going east, you set your clock _____.

  A.one hour ahead in each time zone B. one hour ahead for the whole trip

  C. one full day back for each time zone D. one hour back in each time zone

  4.From this passage, it seems true that the Atlantic ______.

  A.is in one time zone B. is divided into twenty-four zones

  C. is divided into five time zone D. is in four time zones

  5.The International Date Line is the name for ______.

  A.the beginning of any new time zone

  B.any point where time changes by one hour

  C.the point where a new day begins

  D.the end of any new time zone

  Passage 76

  I often dreamed about Pisa when I was a boy. I read about the famous building called the Leaning Tower of Pisa. But when I read the word Pisa, I was thinking of pizza .I thought this tower was a place to buy pizza .It must be the best place to buy pizza in the world, I thought.

  Many years later I finally saw the Leaning Tower. I knew then that it was Pisa and no pizza. But there was still something special about it for me .The tower got its name because it really did lean to one side. Some people want to try to fix it. They are afraid it may fall over and they don’t like it leans over the city.

  I do not think it’s a good idea to try to fix it. The tower probably will not fall down. It is 600 years old. Why should anything happen to it now? And, if you ask me, I like what it looks like. To me it is a very human kind of leaning. Nothing is perfect. It seems to say.

  And who cares? Why do people want things to be perfect? Imperfect things may be more interesting. Let’s take the tower in Pisa. Why is it so famous? There are many other older, more beautiful towers in Italy. But Pisa tower is the most famous. People come from all over the world to see it.

  1.This passage is about_______.

  A. Italian pizza B. Italy’s problems

  C. How the Leaning Tower of Pisa got its name D. Why the writer likes Pisa

  2.The writer used to think Pisa______.

  A.in Spain B. not very famous  C. not the same as pizza D. the same as pizza

  3.The Leaning Tower of Pisa is _______.

  A. modern B. falling down C. 600 years old D. 60 years old-

  4.The writer________.

  A. doesn’t like what the tower looks like B. likes what the tower looks like

  C. thinks it’s the most beautiful tower in Italy D. doesn’t like towers

  5. The writer likes the Leaning Tower of Pisa because________.

  A. it’s old B. it’s perfect C. it sells pizza D. it’s imperfect

  Passage 77

  A rich man was once riding along the road and saw an old man digging in his garden. On the ground lay a young tree, ready to be planted. The rich man called out to the old man, “What kind of tree are you planting there, my good man?”

  “This is a fig(无花果)tree, sir.” He said.

  “A fig tree?” the rich man was very surprised. “Why, how old are you, may I ask?”

  “I am ninety years old.”

  “What!” cried the rich man. “You're ninety years old. You are planting a very young tree now and it'll take years to give fruit. You certainly don't hope to live long enough to get any fruit from this tree.” The old man looked around the garden. Then he said with a smile, “Tell me, sir. Did you eat figs when you were a boy?” “Sure,” the man did not know why he asked this question. “Then tell me this,” he said. “Who planted the fig trees?” “Why-why?I don't know.” “You see, sir.” went on the old man. “Our forefathers(祖先)planted trees for us to enjoy and I am doing the same for the people after me.”

  The rich man was quiet and said, “You are right, my good man. We should do some things for the people after us. Thank you very much.” Then he rode away.

  根据短文内容回答下列各问题。

  1.What tree was the old man planting when the rich man saw him?

  2.How old was the old man?

  3.The old man was planting the tree to get himself some fruit to eat, wasn't he?Who was he planting the tree for?

  4.Did the rich man eat figs when he was a boy?

  5.What should we do for the people after us?

  Passage 78

  The following passage is about the states of America. Read through it and choose the best answers.

  Texas was the biggest state (州) before Alaska became the forty-ninth state in 1959. One good way to understand the size of Texas is to learn about its weather. Different parts of the state have very different kinds of weather.

  Laredo is one of the hottest cities in the United States in summer. The best time to visit Laredo is in winter, when it is pleasantly warm.

  Amarillo gets very cold in winter. Sometimes there is more snow in Amarillo than in New York, which is a northern city.Summers are better, but sometimes it gets quite hot. The best time to visit Amarillo is in the autumn when it is cool.

  If anyone asks you about the weather in Texas, ask him, “What part of Texas do you mean?”

  1.Which of the following statements is true according to passage above?

  A. Alaska is the biggest city in America.   B. Texas is the second biggest state in America.

  C. Alaska is the second biggest state in America. D. Texas is the biggest city in America.

  2.Which of the following diagrams gives the correct relationship(关系)between Texas (T), Laredo(L)and Amarillo(A)?

  

  3.In the passage the sentence “Different parts of the state have different kinds of weather.” means ________.

  A. Laredo is very hot B. America is very big

  C. Texas is very big D. Texas is far from Alaska

  Passage 79

  Look at the pictures and read through the following passage, then choose the right answers.

 

 

  If we find a bird nest, we will have a good place of observing(观察)and knowing about birds.

  Birds sit on eggs and take care of their baby birds from April to June. Because the baby birds are too young to leave the nest, mothers often leave and come back to the nest during the time to look for food. So it is good to observe birds. When we observe birds, we’d better hide(躲藏)ourselves in a close place to the nest, and it's better to use binoculars(双筒望远镜).

  But how to make a bird nest? Picture 1 and Picture 2 are two kinds of bird nests. Picture 3 gives you some other kinds of bird nests. They are very easy to make. If you want to make one, please follow these:

  Making a nest: A good nest must be very fine,strong,thick and easy.

  a) Each nest must have six boards. Don’t make the boards too slippery(光滑).

  b) Dig a small hole in the front of the nest as a door. The “door” is from 3cm to 5cm. So the bird can fly in or out easily.

  c) Make sure the rainwater doesn’t go into the nest.

  d) One piece of the boards should be easy to open.

  e) Please don’t forget to color the nest.

  Choose the best answers.

  1.The most important thing in observing birds is ________.

  A. to look for a place near the nest B. to climb trees

  C. to write down notes every day D. to make a bird nest

  2.When we're observing birds,we have to hide ourselves ________.

  A. to look after them B. to use the binoculars

  C. to make them do everything as usual D. to catch the birds at last

  3.If we make the nest too slippery, ________.

  A. it’s not strong B. it’s not easy to make

  C. it’s not very beautiful D. it’s very difficult for birds to hold or stand on

  4.We should leave a hole in the front of the nest so that ________.

  A. we can clean the nest B. the birds can fly in or out

  C. we can hang it easily D. it’s easy to make

  5.What’s the title(题目)of this passage?

  A. Birds and men B. Playing with the birds

  C. Observing birds and making bird nests D. Listening to the songs of birds

  Passage80

  Read the three postcards and answer the following questions.

 

  1. Only one writer really is having a great time -which one?Write 1, 2 or 3._____

  2. Whom did P.send the postcard to?_____

  3. Where does Sam come from?_____

  4. What does Sam do every morning?_____

  5. Of the three who needed money most?_____



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