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2012小升初:巧记深圳小升初英语常考词汇(3)

来源:网络 文章作者:深圳英语网整理 2012-02-07 14:27:08

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摘要:在小升初当中,涉及到的词汇有2000个左右,500个左右是基础词汇,1000个左右是拓展词汇(这些较难的词汇在阅读、完成中出现的机会很大),其中最重要的词汇——高频词汇共有400——500个。那这么多的词汇,我们在这么短短的时间内很难一下都记牢,这也就需要我们找到一些背单词的小窍门了。

  巧记小升初常考词汇(三)

  今天我们要学的方法是词根词缀记忆法,可能有些单词偏难,但主要是让孩子掌握的这些词缀,对“猜”阅读理解和完形填空的生词有极大的帮助!

  1) aer, ar, 含义是“空气,大气” aeroplane, aerial,

  2) ag, act, ig, 含义是“做,动作” active, agent, reaction,

  3) alt, 含义是“高”, altitude,

  4) alter, altern, altr, 含义是“其它,变更” alternate,

  5) bio, bi, bion, 含义是“生物,生命” biology, bionics(仿生学)

  6) brev, bri, brief, 含义是“短” brief, abbreviation, abridge(节略)

  7) cap, capt, cept, cip, 含义是“取,获” capture, except, concept, capacity

  8) ced, ceed, cess, 含义是“行,让步” proceed, succeed, excess(过度)

  9) centr, centr, 含义是“中心” concentrate, eccentric(偏心的)

  10) clain, clam, 含义是“呼喊” claim, proclaim, exclaim

  11) clos, clud, 含义是“闭合” conclude, enclose, include

  12) col, cult, 含义是“耕耘” colony, cultivate, agriculture

  13) cor, cord, 含义是“心” cordial, record, accord

  14) curr, cur, cour, 含义是“跑,动作” current, occur, concurrence(同时发生)

  15) dic, dict, 含义是“说,示” dictate, edit, indicate, predict

  16) doc, doct, 含义是“教” doctor, document

  17) duc, duct含义是“引导,传导” introduce, produce, conduct, deduct( 推论)

  18) fact, fac, fect, dic, dit, 含义是“做,创造” factory, effect, profit, faculty, perfect

  19) fend, fens, 含义是“打,击” defence, offence

  20) fer, 含义是“搬运,移转” ferry, transfer, defer(迟延)

  21) fin, finit, 含义是“终,极” final, finish, confine

  22) firm, 含义是“坚固” firm, confirm, affirm(断定)

  23) fix, 含义是“固定” prefix, affix(附加)

  24) flect, flex, 含义是“弯曲” flexible, reflex

  25) flor, flour, flower, 含义是“花” flower, flourish

  26) form, 含义是“形” uniform, formula, transform, reform, deform

  27) forc, fort, 含义是“力,强度” force, enforce, effort

  28) gen, genit, 含义是“生产,发生” generate, generation

  29) gram, graph, 含义是“书写,记录” telegram, diagram, photograph

  30) grad, gress, gred, gree, 含义是“步,阶段” gradually, degree, progress

  31) hab, habit, hibit, 含义是“保持,住” inhabit, exhibit, prohibit

  32) her, hes, 含义是“粘附” adhere, cohesion

  33) ject, jet, 含义是“抛射” project, inject

  34) jour, 含义是“日,一天” journal(日记), journey, adjourn(延期)

  35) jug, junct, 含义是“结合,连合” conjunction, junction(连合)

  36) labour, labor, 含义是“劳动,工作” labourer, elaborate, collaborate

  37) lect, leg, lig, 含义是“挑选,采集” collect, select, lecture

  38) lif, liv, 含义是“生活,生存” life, alive, live

  39) loc, 含义是“场所,位置” location, dislocate(脱位)

  40) long, leng, ling, 含义是“长的” length, prolong, linger



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